References

_____Zebras, quaggas muscling their way into Chesapeake watershed.Annapolis: Bay Journal, September 2002, vol. 12, no. 6, p.10.

Alien Ocean. Prod. Maryland Public Television, Maryland Sea Grant. Videocassette. 1999. This film, approximately thirty minutes in length, talks about where non-native species came from and to what extent they have changed the environment. The film is about many invasive species including green crabs, zebra mussels, and seagrasses.

“Aquatic Invasive Species” ; Ohio Sea Grant. http://ohioseagrant.osu.edu/research/ais/. A listing of technical research publications concerning several aquative invasive species.

Baily, Ronald. “BIO INVADERS! (non-native species).” Reason 32 (2000). This article from Reason magazine discusses the benefits of non-native species. It asks the question: how many species in America are actually native and should Americans really be concerned about the damage they do?

Brazner, John C., Jensen, Douglas A. “Zebra mussel [Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas)] colonization of rusty crayfish [Orconects rusticus (Girard)] in Green Bay, Lake Michigan.” American Midland Naturalist 143 (2000). This article from the American Midland Naturalist discusses the physical threat that zebra mussels pose to crayfish. The study showed considerable mussel colonization on the bodies of six crayfish. The article includes the all the data in a table format.

Chesapeake Bay Commission. Introduction of non-indigenous species to the Chesapeake Bay via ballast water: strategies to decrease risk of future introductions through ballast water management. Annapolis: Chesapeake Bay Commission, 1995.

Coehn, Tracy. “Pests with redeeming qualities.” Technology Review 95 (1992).This article from Technology Review argues that, although zebra mussels are causing problems to industry, they have been used to filter intense algae blooms and increase water clarity.

Claudi, Renata, and Mackie, Gerald L. Practical manual for zebra mussel monitoring and control. Baca Raton: Lewis Publishers, 1994.This book is intended to educate people on what to expect when the mussels are close at hand. The book discusses detection of the mussel as well as techniques on assessment.

D’Itri, Frank M. ed. Zebra Mussels and aquatic nuisances species. Chelsea, Michigan: Anne Arbor Press, 1997.This book contains forty-three contributions from the 6th International Zebra Mussel and Other Aquatic Nuisance Species Conference held by Michigan Sea Grant on March 5-7 1996. The book assembles in-depth data on all aspects of zebra mussel research. Graphics and tables are provided throughout the text.

Exotics in the Chesapeake Bay-alien rivers: the threat of zebra mussels. Prod. Maryland Public Television, Maryland Sea Grant. Videocassette. 1999.Zebra mussels are not in the Chesapeake Bay today, and this nine minute video discusses how safer boating techniques can help prevent their entry.

Haag, Wendell R.et al. “Reduced survival and fitness in native bivalves in response to fouling by the introduction of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) in western Lake Erie.” Canada Journal of Fish and Aquatic Science 50 (1993). This article from the Canada Journal of Fish and Aquatic Science discusses the physical threat that zebra mussels pose to the native freshwater clam.

Horvath, Thomas G, Martin, Kristine M., Lamberti. “Effect of zebra mussels, Dreissena polymortha, on macroinvertebrates in a lake-outlet stream.” American Midland Naturalist 142.(1999).This article outlines an experiment done to test if zebra mussels would change a macroinvertebrate community.

Mackie, G.L. The zebra mussel, Dreissena Polymorpha: a synthesis of European experiences and a review for North America. Ottawa: Ontario Environment, 1990. This report from Europe is an excellent source for background research spanning 30-40 years.

Nalepa, Thomas F., and Scholesser, Donald W. ed. Zebra Mussels: biology, impacts, and control. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers, 1993. This general textbook contains information on all aspects of zebra mussel research and includes European research cases and alternative control strategies. It contains 32 illustrations and color plates.

“Nonindigenous aquatic species.” United States Geographic Survey. http://nas.er.usgs.gov.

“Nonindigenous aquatic species: zebra mussel page” United States Geographic Survey. http://nas.er.usgs.gov./taxgroup/mollusks/zebramussel/

“Nonindigenous species research and outreach: life history and ecological requirements of the zebra mussel-North American experience through 1992.” Nichols, S.J. 16 April 1999. National Sea Grant Research. http://www.seagrant.noaa.gov/funding/zmlifehistory.html

O'Connor, Thomas P. Mussel watch: recent trends in coastal environmental quality. 1992. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service. Rockville, Md. Presents the results of the first five years of the NOAA mussel watch project.

Showing our mussel: the Great Lakes Sea Grant Network report on zebra mussel research and outreach, 1988-1993. Columbus: Ohio Sea Grant College Program, 1993.

Too much mussel. Prod Ohio Sea Grant. Videocassette, 1991.

United States. Army Corps of Engineers. Zebra Mussel Research program: Zebra Mussel Chemical Control Guide. By Susan L. Sprecher, Kurt D. Getsinger. January 2000. http://el.erdc.usace.army.mil/zebra/pdf/trel00-1.pdf.

United States. Army Corps of Engineers. Zebra Mussel Research Program. http://el.erdc.usace.army.mil/zebra/

Invasives in the Chesapeake. Maryland Sea Grant. http://www.mdsg.umd.edu/exotics/index.html

“Zebra Mussel Watch” Sea Grant Great Lakes Network. http://seagrant.wisc.edu/zebramussels/.

“Zebra mussels-the bright side.” Discover. 17 (1996).

“Zebra mussels pose a threat to Virginia’s waters.” August 1997. Virginia Cooperative Extension. http://www.ext.vt.edu/pubs/fisheries/420-900/420-900.html.

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