Deer in Spring Landscape

Rare, Threatened & Endangered Plants

The reports included in this content area identify those native Maryland plants that are among the rarest and most in need of conservation efforts as elements of our State's natural diversity. It includes species occurring in Maryland that are listed or candidates for listing on the Federal list of Endangered Species list, and additional species that are considered rare by the Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service.

Compiled by Wildlife and Heritage Service staff, these lists of rare species is a result of 18 years of data gathering from numerous sources, such as museums and private collections, scientific literature, unpublished documents, reports from biologists and amateur naturalists.

Explanation of Rank and Status Codes
(Adobe Acrobat file)

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants of Maryland
(Adobe Acrobat file)

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species of Maryland
Plants & Animals Listed by County
(Adobe Acrobat files)

  • Allegany County
  • Anne Arundel County
  • Baltimore City
  • Baltimore County
  • Calvert County
  • Caroline County
  • Carroll County
  • Cecil County
  • Charles County
  • Dorchester County
  • Frederick County
  • Garrett County
  • Harford County
  • Howard County
  • Kent County
  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George's County
  • Queen Anne's County
  • Somerset County
  • St. Mary's County
  • Talbot County
  • Washington County
  • Wicomico County
  • Worcester County
  • Photograph of Wild False Indigo courtesy of Richard Wiegand

    Wild False Indigo
    (Baptisia australis)
    Photograph by Richard Wiegand

    Endangered Plant Fact Sheets

  • American Ginseng
  • Atamasco Lily
  • Auricled Gerardia
  • Bald Cypress Swamps
  • Belt Wood Canopy
  • Buttercup Scorpion-weed
  • Crested Coralroot
  • Cross-Leaved Milkwort
  • Dragon's Mouth Orchid
  • Feather Foil
  • Fraser's Sedge
  • Fringed Gentian
  • Grass-Pink
  • Hairy Snoutbean
  • Harperella
  • Indian Paintbrush
  • Large Purple Fringed Orchid
  • Mountain Sandwort
  • Nantucket Shadbush
  • Narrow Melicgrass
  • Northern Pitcher Plant
  • Sandplain Gerardia
  • Shale-barren Ragwort
  • Swallow Falls Snag
  • Swamp Pink
  • Sweet-scented Indian-plantain
  • Sweet Pinesap
  • Tawny Cottongrass
  • Virginia Mallow
  • White Lady's-slipper
  • Wild False Indigo
  • Wild Lupine
  • Wood Lily
  • Yellow Nailwort
  • Yellow Water-crowfoot
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