Tawny Cottongrass, Eriophorum virginicum, in a Bog
Photograph by R. Harrison Wiegand
Tawny cottongrass wears its fluffy seed heads late in the year in Garrett County bogs. Western Maryland bogs were formed shortly after the last Ice Age – up to 18,000 years ago – when the area was mostly tundra. At elevations near 3,000 feet, these unique wetlands remain cool enough to support many high-elevation plants and animals not found in other parts of the state, like the small cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) and creeping snowberry (Gaultheria hispida). The dense cover in some bogs has aided the recent comeback of the Black Bear (Ursus americanus).
The Nature Conservancy has been working with the MD Natural Heritage Program to protect a bog called Cranesville Swamp on the Maryland-West Virginia border. More than 500 acres have been purchased already.
Plants and Wildlife
- Natural Heritage Program
- Guide to Marylandís Natural Areas
- Maryland Natural Areas News
- Maryland Wildlife Lists
- Rare, Threatened & Endangered Species
- Rare, Threatened & Endangered Plants
- Rare, Threatened & Endangered Animals
- Natural Plant Communities
- Invasive and Exotic Species
- Maryland's Wildlife Diversity Conservation Plan
- Game Mammals
- Game Birds
- Wildlife Problems?
- Digital Data & Products
- Environmental Review
- Birding in Maryland
- The Migratory Bird Treaty Act
- Maryland Naturalist Organizations
- Contact Us